The Cretan Diet

Cretan diet

The Cretan diet is based on a healthy and balanced diet in order to prevent cardiovascular disorders that may occur due to poor nutrition.

What is a Cretan diet?

A Cretan diet is for people who want to take care of their health through a natural and balanced diet:

  • olive oil for cooking and seasoning ;
  • fruits and vegetables (fresh or dried) in season ;
  • cereals;
  • fish and white meat;
  • eggs;
  • Dairy products based on goat’s or sheep’s milk (cheese, yoghurt…);
  • 1 to 2 glasses of wine per day.

This is not a diet specifically designed for weight loss. However, by modifying your diet and following a Cretan diet based on healthy products, you will decrease your daily calorie intake. This decrease in calories will lead to weight loss in a natural way.

Principles of the Cretan diet

The Cretan diet is based on 4 main principles:

  • Increase the intake of fibre, minerals, vitamins and antioxidants by eating lots of fruits and vegetables and whole grains.
  • Consume almost exclusively fats of vegetable origin (olive, rapeseed) and exclude fats of animal origin (butter, fresh cream, lard…).
  • Favour fish, rich in omega 3, as opposed to meats rich in saturated fats that are harmful to health. Omega 3 contributes to good cardiovascular health and good blood fluidity.
  • Know how to treat yourself reasonably: up to 2 glasses of red wine per day for its veinotonic virtues.

Benefits of the Cretan Diet

The Cretan diet has many advantages:

  • consumption of fresh and healthy food ;
  • very balanced and tasty diet ;
  • no hunger or frustration;
  • it helps to reduce cardiovascular risks (scientifically proven);
  • it allows to lose weight durably if the person had a bad food hygiene;
  • can be used for life.

On the other hand, adopting a Cretan diet reduces the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and isoprostane F2 by 30-60%, high levels of which lead to inflammation and oxidative stress, which are responsible for cellular aging and the risk of chronic diseases. In addition, eliminating pro-inflammatory foods and favouring a healthy diet, such as the Cretan diet, helps reduce the risk of depression.

Disadvantages of a Cretan diet

For people who want to lose weight and/or adopt a healthy and balanced diet, the Cretan diet may have some disadvantages:

  • you have to like fruits and vegetables (cooked, fresh or dry);
  • you have to motivate yourself to buy seasonal products;
  • it is necessary to love the taste of olive oil and dairy products ;
  • it is important to learn how to ration your portions without going overboard.

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