In the Paleolithic, our ancestors were mostly strong, robust, muscular and thin. The arrival of agriculture in the Neolithic period and then the arrival of industrial food considerably changed our morphology. The Paleolithic diet proposes to feed our bodies again with the foods that seemed so beneficial to humans at the time.
The principle of the paleo
The paleo diet induces a loss of peas by forcing the body to draw on its reserves in the manner of protein diets. It counts:
- Lots of protein: 30%, because protein is used to maintain the muscles.
- Lots of lipids: 40%, mostly monounsaturated. The body uses them not to store them, but to produce energy to function, by transforming them into ketone bodies.
- Few carbohydrates: the classic diet contains about 55% carbohydrates. They are normally the fuel of the body. When they are consumed in insufficient quantities, the body makes its fuel from body fat reserves, which it transforms into ketone bodies.
The paleo diet in practice
With the Paleo diet, the main aim is to exclude products introduced into agriculture since the Neolithic (cereals and legumes, dairy products, oils, and sugars) which are all sources of carbohydrates and force the secretion of insulin, a hormone that stores sugars and fats. It is also necessary to remove the salt that retains water in the body.
It is also very important to eat seasonal fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, lean meats, fish, eggs, olive oil, nuts, rapeseed. For pleasure, dark chocolate with a minimum of 70% cocoa is allowed, as well as 1 to 2 glasses of wine per day.
Obviously, all industrial products must be banned: in the Paleolithic there were none!
Tips for losing weight with the Paleo diet
Here are a few tips to make your paleo diet work as well as possible:
- to practise a physical activity: in the Paleolithic period nobody was sedentary;
- it’s a diet you have to follow for the rest of your life;
- It is useless to get into it if you are fond of starchy foods, because you will soon become frustrated and demotivated;
- To privilege the bio is important and meets the requirements of the return to the food era of the Paleolithic;
- Drink calcium-rich mineral water, put cruciferous vegetables on the menu and a source of vitamin C (to properly assimilate plant calcium) at each meal to compensate for the lack of calcium from dairy products.
The benefits of the Paleo
On the plus side:
- The weight loss is fairly rapid.
- You can eat as much as you want, it’s ideal for hyperphagia.
- There is no feeling of hunger because the protein and fibre intake of fruits and vegetables allows you to be stalled.
Note: the paleo diet reduces the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and isoprostane F2 by an average of 50%, which reflect inflammation and oxidative stress (responsible for cellular aging and chronic disease, respectively).
The limits of the paleo
On the other hand, you should also know that:
- Some researchers believe that, on the contrary, our genes have adapted to contemporary food and that this return to food sources could harm the body.
- It is not suitable for diabetics, people with kidney, heart or liver disease, pregnant or breastfeeding women.
- Excess protein is constipating.
- Protein diets put the body in a state of ketosis (especially low insulin levels): this induces bad breath.
- Meat, fish and organic products consumed in large quantities are expensive.
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